The Science Museum in London
The Science Museum in London is one of three major museums in South Kensington,. It was founded in 1857 and today it has become one of the city’s major tourist attractions, attracting 2.8 million curious visitors annually.
The Science Museum in London now has a collection of well over 300,000 items, including famous items as Stephenson’s Rocket, Puffing Billy (the oldest steam locomotive), the world’s first jet engine, a reconstruction of Francis Crick and James Watson’s proposed model of DNA, some of the earliest remaining steam powered engines, a working model of Charles Babbage’s Difference engine (and the latter, preserved half brain), the first prototype of a 10,000 year Clock of the Long Now, as well as documentation of the first typewriter. It also contains hundreds of fun, interactive exhibits. A recent addition is the IMAX 3D Cinema which shows science and nature documentaries, almost all of them in 3-D, and the Wellcome Wing which studies digital technology. Entrance has been free since the 1 December 2001.
The Science Museum in London makes home to some of the many objects collected by Henry Wellcome concerning the medical field. The fourth floor exhibit has been named “Glimpses of Medical History”, with reconstructions of the history of practiced medicine. The fifth floor gallery is named “Science and the Art of Medicine”, with collections of medical instruments and practices from ancient times and from many countries and cultures. The collection is strong in biosciences, clinical medicine and public health. The museum is also a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.
The Science Museum’s medical collections have an complete and global scope and coverage. The new Wellcome Wing, with its focus on Bioscience, transformed the Museum into a leading world centre for the presentation and explanation of contemporary science to the public.
170,000 items which are not currently on display are stored at Blythe House in West Kensington. Blythe House also houses facilities that include a conservation laboratory, a photographic studio, and even a quarantine area where newly arrived items can be examined.
Admission is free except for the 3D Cinema and special simulators.